Associations between gender and sexuality in the England and Wales 2021 Census

ONS recently released data about sexual orientation and gender identity from Census 2021 in England and Wales.

I’d like to know whether your gender predicts your sexuality. ONS hasn’t released the relevant crosstabs yet, so here’s an approximation using variation in population counts across (lower-tier) local authorities.

Beware the ecological fallacy, e.g., this might show that areas with more people of a particular gender also have more people of a particular sexuality, but not necessarily that they are the same people.

Knitted R markdown over there. If you improve it, let me know please.

A picture:

Green denotes a positive association and red a negative association. The width of the line denotes the association strength.

  • Het = Straight or Heterosexual
  • GL = Gay or Lesbian
  • Bi = Bisexual
  • Pan = Pansexual
  • Ace = Asexual
  • Q = Queer
  • Cis = Gender identity the same as sex registered at birth
  • TM = Trans man
  • TW = Trans woman
  • NBi = Non-binary